EATING BREAKFAST BURNS MORE CARBS DURING EXERCISE: ALSO ACCELERATES METABOLISM
New Research suggests that Eating Breakfast: 1) 'Primes' the Body to Burn Carbohydrates during Exercise and 2) More Rapidly Metabolise Foods After Working Out.
Scientists from the Bath University's Department for Health were studying the effect of eating breakfast versus fasting overnight before an hour's cycling. In a control test, breakfast was followed by three hours' rest.
The volunteers ate a breakfast of porridge made with milk two hours before exercise.
Post exercise or rest, the researchers tested the blood glucose levels and muscle glycogen levels of the 12 healthy male volunteers who took part.
They discovered that eating breakfast increased the rate at which the body burned carbohydrates during exercise, as well as increasing the rate the body digested and metabolised food eaten after exercise too.
Dr Javier Gonzalez, senior lecturer in the Department of Health who co-led the study, said: "This is the first study to examine the ways in which breakfast before exercise influences our responses to meals after exercise.
We found that, compared to skipping breakfast, eating breakfast before exercise increases the speed at which we digest, absorb and metabolise carbohydrate that we may eat after exercise."
MORE RAPID BLOOD SUGAR CLEARANCE AFTER LUNCH
Rob Edinburgh, PhD student in the Department for Health who co-led the study, said: "We also found that breakfast before exercise increases carbohydrate burning during exercise, and that this carbohydrate wasn't just coming from the breakfast that was just eaten, but also from carbohydrate stored in our muscles as glycogen.
This increase in the use of muscle glycogen may explain why there was more rapid clearance of blood sugar after 'lunch' when breakfast had been consumed before exercise.
Robert M. Edinburgh, Aaron Hengist, Harry A. Smith, Rebecca L Travers, Francoise Koumanov, James A. Betts, Dylan Thompson, Jean-Philippe Walhin, Gareth A. Wallis, D. Lee Hamilton, Emma J. Stevenson, Kevin D. Tipton, Javier T. Gonzalez. Pre-Exercise Breakfast Ingestion versus Extended Overnight Fasting Increases Postprandial Glucose Flux after Exercise in Healthy Men. American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2018; DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00163.2018, and www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180815085742.htm... See moreSee less
Employing these Simple Strategies can Improve: 1) Cognitive Abilities, 2) Longevity and 3) Overall Quality of Life, according to new research.
"Research suggests that a younger subjective age, or when people feel younger than their chronological age, is associated with a variety of positive outcomes in older individuals, including better memory performance, health and longevity," said presenter Jennifer Bellingtier, PhD, of Friedrich Schiller University.
"Our research suggests that subjective age changes on a daily basis and older adults feel significantly younger on days when they have a greater sense of control."
Bellingtier and co-author Shevaun Neupert, PhD, of North Carolina State University, enlisted 116 older adults (ages 60 to 90) and 106 younger adults (ages 18 to 36) and had them complete surveys.
"Shaping the daily environment in ways that allow older adults to exercise more control could be a helpful strategy for maintaining a youthful spirit and overall well-being," said Bellingtier.
BENEFITS OF EXERCISE
In addition to amping up perceived control, another strategy for maintaining a younger subjective age and enjoying the benefits that go with it may be as simple as increasing physical activity, according another study presented in the same session.
"Our results suggest that promoting a more active lifestyle may result in a more youthful subjective age," said Matthew Hughes, PhD, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, who presented the study.
Hughes and his colleagues recruited 59 adults in the Boston area between the ages of 35 and 69 who were not engaged in routine physical activity.
All participants were given a FitBit fitness tracker and researchers monitored their daily step counts for five weeks. Individuals with greater increases in their step counts at the end of the study reported lower subjective ages, the researchers found.
REFERENCES: American Psychological Association. "You're only as old as you think and do: Increased control, physical activity lower subjective age in older adults, research says." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 August 2018, Session 1106: "Feeling Young and in Control: Daily Control Beliefs Predict Younger Subjective Ages," and "Taking Steps to Feel Younger," Symposium, Thursday, Aug. 9, 10-10:50 a.m. PDT, Room 206, Level Two -- South Building, Moscone Center, 747 Howard St., San Francisco, Calif. and <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180809141122.htm>. ... See moreSee less