Exercise can Reduce Inflammation by Changing the characteristics of Blood, according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology.
INFLAMMATION & WEIGHT GAIN
Many of today's Health Problems linked to Obesity are a result of Chronic Inflammation.
Obesity increases the risk of health problems, such as Heart Disease and Type 2 Diabetes.
LONG TERM INFLAMMATION
Inflammation is a natural process in the body in response to harm, but in obese people it can become long term and this can lead to damage of healthy tissue. Certain blood cells are more likely to cause inflammation, and if these cells are made in the body in greater numbers than normal they can spread to organs in the body and cause them to malfunction.
The blood cells responsible for causing inflammation are formed from stem cells within the body. This new research is the first to show that exercise alters the characteristics of these blood forming stem cells and therefore reduces the number of blood cells likely to cause inflammation. These findings provide a new explanation of how exercise may improve health in adults with obesity.
Young, lean adults and young, obese adults (who were otherwise healthy) were recruited for this study. Comprehensive physiological characterisation of all participants occurred before and after completion of a six-week exercise program.
The exercise program consisted of three bicycling or treadmill running sessions per week with each session lasting approximately one hour. Blood was collected before and after the exercise training intervention to quantify blood-forming stem cells.
Exercise reduced the number of blood-forming stem cells associated with the production of the type of blood cells responsible for inflammation.
The research group is now interested in if these changes in blood cell populations improve the function of muscle and fat involved in energy consumption - and energy storage in people with obesity.
They will also investigate whether these effects of exercise on blood cells are also seen in other chronic conditions associated with increased inflammation.
** YOUR PROGRAM
For Expert Advice on the Best Mix of Exercises for You, call Albany Physiotherapy (or Contact Us through albanyphysio.com) to arrange Your Tailored Program.
Grace M. Niemiro, Jacob M. Allen, Lucy J. Mailing, Naiman A. Khan, Hannah D. Holscher, Jeffrey A. Woods, Michael De Lisio. Effects of endurance exercise training on inflammatory circulating progenitor cell content in lean and obese adults. The Journal of Physiology, 2018; DOI: 10.1113/JP276023, and www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180619230820.htm... See moreSee less
PHYSIO'S ROLE HIGHLIGHTED DURING WORLD INCONTINENCE WEEK
This month’s Incontinence Week highlights the Important Role of Physiotherapists in Managing this common condition, linked to the Pelvic Floor Muscles.
37% OF WOMEN & 13% OF MEN
Defined as the involuntary loss of urine from the bladder or faeces from the rectum, incontinence can be a transient or permanent condition, affecting up to 37% of Australian women, and 13% of Australian men.
PELVIC FLOOR & BLADDER
“The pelvic floor muscles are the main group of muscles that are identified as being involved in maintaining continence, as well the external anal sphincter muscle for control of faeces,” said Australian Physiotherapist Association member Cath Willis.
“The bladder itself is a muscle called the detrusor, and its overactivity can be the cause of urge urinary incontinence.
“Physiotherapists who work in the area of women’s, men’s and pelvic health are trained to assess and manage dysfunction in these muscles.”
PREVENTION & TREATMENT
Cath Willis states “Physiotherapists can play an active role in the management and prevention of incontinence".
“In a perfect world, physiotherapists would be very actively involved in health promotion to prevent incontinence," she said.
“For example, ensuring everyone is aware of healthy bladder and bowel habits, from the time children begin school.
“Physiotherapists should also be able to provide regular care to women who are pregnant, and in the year after giving birth – this is a time when healthy pelvic floor muscle function is vital.”
People with a history of constipation or chronic respiratory problems can be more at risk of incontinence and GPs can refer patients to physiotherapists for early assessment.
“We need improved awareness in the community so that patients can access us, and strong collaborative relationships with other health professionals to ensure that the right care is provided at the right time.”
When patients present to physiotherapists who have undertaken extra education and training in this area, they are able to assess for causes of incontinence, and often work within a team including dietitians, psychologists, continence nurses, gynaecologists, urologists and colorectal surgeons.
Physiotherapists may include pelvic floor muscle training, bladder retraining, timed visits to the toilet, and positioning on the toilet to improve symptoms of incontinence.
Ongoing encouragement is also an important way to help patients take charge of their symptoms.
This year, World Continence Week runs from 18 to 24 June and the event will be celebrated right across the country.
YOUR PELVIC HEALTH
Call Merinda, our Continence Physiotherapist, at Albany Physiotherapy (or Contact Us through albanyphysio.com) to Arrange Your Pelvic Health Assessment and Treatment Program.